Indonesian National History Museum, Central Jakarta

Accidentally I visited Museum Sejarah Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National History Museum) in Monas (National Monument), Central Jakarta, after canceling going to the top of Monas due to a very long queue. Understandably it was Saturday, and while it was still relatively early in the morning, the time everyone thinks was less of visitors, but the opposite happened, as people had apparently the same thoughts.

The Indonesian National History Museum is located very close to the elevator that brings visitors to the top of Monas, or exactly at 3 meters beneath the surface of the National Monument area. The room is square-shaped 80 x 80 meters, with floors, walls and poles covered with marble. Upon entering to the museum I could see row of 48 dioramas. The diorama begins with pre-historic life, followed with the heyday of Sriwijaya and Majapahit, then the colonial period, the struggle to expel the colonialist, the national movement of Indonesia, the Japanese occupation, the war of independence, and the diorama of the New Order era.

The diorama about life of Indonesia Ancient people who lived between 3000 - 2000 BC could also be found at the Indonesian National History Museum. Cultural relics of the megalithic era are scattered throughout the archipelago, such as Cibalay Site, Gunung Padang, and in Pasemah, in the form of shale tools, menhir, Dolmen, sarcophagus, stone grave, terraces, and statues.

indonesian national history museum
The diorama of busy Port Sriwijaya in the 8th - 13th century at the Indonesian National History Museum. Its seaports became main crossroads of the main trade routes of Indonesia - China - India which made Sriwijaya a center of trade and culture in Asia and brought prosperity to the people and the Syailendra Dynasty. Furthermore, the heyday of the old Javanese kingdom was marked by the founding of Borobudur Temple in 824 AD by King Samaratungga from the family of Syailendra. Borobudur becomes mirror of the universe. Its construction spent almost two thousand cubic feet of stone. Inside there are 504 statues of Buddha, as well as a number of 1555 small size stupas.

There is also a diorama of the Battle of Sunda Kelapa at the Indonesian National History Museum. In 1522 King Pajajaran signed an agreement with Henrique Leme who gave the right of the Portuguese to build a fortress in Sunda Kelapa. But Fatahillah troops stormed, defeating the Portuguese fleet on June 22, 1527 and renaming Sunda Kelapa to Jayakarta.

indonesian national history museum
The depiction of the Palapa Oath occurrence made by Mapatih Gajah Mada from Majapahit Kingdom in 1331. Gajah Mada vowed not to eat Palapa (rice and its side dishes) before the archipelago was united under Majapahit. The oath precedes the idealism of Indonesian unity, fought by the pioneers of independence since 1908.

Then the construction of the 11th century Waringin Saptapada Dam by King Airlangga to control the flow of Brantas River which often overflowed, as well as for irrigation channels. There is also a diorama of Jawi Temple built in 1292 at the time of Kartanegara, the last king of Singasari, the Hindu kingdom near Pandakan, East Java. The depiction of Majapahit Kingdom War Armada in the 14th century is also interesting. After Majapahit, there is no longer a kingdom in Java that has a strong fleet of seas. Then the diorama of the arrival of Admiral Cheng Ho to Majapahit in 1405 during King Wirakramawardhana which influenced the establishment of Chinese temples in several places in Java.

indonesian national history museum
Diorama in Indonesian National History Museum about the proclamation of independence. Preceded with Rengasdengklok Incident, on August 16, 1945 night until dawn August 17, 1945 there was a meeting on Jl Imam Bojol 1, Jakarta, to formulate the proclamation of independence manuscript . The building where the meeting is now Formulation of Proclamation Text Museum.

Then there is atmosphere of the Stovia Building diorama, when indigenous medical students held a meeting on May 8, 1908 and gave birth to Boedi Oetomo, the beginning of Indonesia's national movement. The consolidation was then carried out by conducting Congress on 4-5 Oktoner 1908 held in Yogyakarta. The STOVIA building has now become National Awakening Museum. Also diorama of the birth of ABRI on October 5, 1945, set in Borobudur Temple background. On August 22, 1945, the Preparatory Committee of Indonesian Independence established the People's Security Front to maintain security and public order in their respective territories. On 5 October 1945 came the government's decree on the establishment of the People's Security Army.

indonesian national history museum
One of the dioramas of pre-independence political and social movement, namely the establishment of Muhammadiyah association on 18 November 1912 in Yogyakarta by Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan. Muhammadiyah became a tool for the development of the national psyche through educational, socio-cultural, and religious activities.

There is a diorama of the activities of Indonesische Vereeniging (Perhimpunan Indonesia, PI) which stood in the Netherlands in 1922. In 1927 they joined the Congress of the Anti-colonialism Movement in Brussels. Since then the PI started a movement demanding Indonesian independence, until the Dutch Government captured its leaders. But the court decided they were innocent. There is also a heroic battle event in Surabaya, which is then celebrated as Heroes Day. That thrilling story can be read on travel notes about Monumen Suryo. Mallaby, the British General whose deaths were the trigger of Allied attack to Surabaya, were buried in Jakarta War Cemetary.

Furthermore, diorama of Sovereignty Recognition ceremony in Jakarta led by Hamengku Buwono IX. Military and diplomatic struggle, forcing the Dutch to the negotiating table. On July 7, 1949 an agreement was reached on the implementation of the Round Table Conference. At the KMB in The Hague on December 27, 1949, the Netherlands recognized the sovereignty of Indonesia with the formation of the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.

Also the depiction of the atmosphere during the Asian-African Conference in Bandung on April 18-24, 1955. The conference discussed efforts to save the world from nuclear war disaster, and the establishment of a new world that is safe and peaceful, free of colonialism. The conference was attended by 30 countries from the continent of Asia and Africa. There are still many dioramas in the Indonesian National History Museum that have not been mentioned in this article, which you should visit and see for yourself to refresh the memory of the history of this nation. Hopefully you can also take the elevator to the observation deck of the National Monument to enjoy the view of the City of Jakarta.

Indonesian National History Museum

Address : Monumen Nasional, Jalan Silang Monas, Central Jakarta. Phone 021-344 7733, 3514333, 3842777. Fax. 021-344 7733. GPS Location : -6.175254, 106.826967, Waze ( smartphone Android dan iOS ). Open : every day 08.30 - 17.00. Open on holidays. Entrance ticket : Rp 2.500, Rp 7.500 (Peak Square). Students/Kids Rp 1.000, Rp 3.500 (Peak Square). Reference : Map of Jakarta, Destinations in Jakarta, Hotel in Central Jakarta.
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